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|***||<||<||<||Luke 23: Jesus before Pilate, Herod. The Crucifixion, Jesus Buried||>||>||>||***|
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Luk 23:1 And the whole multitude [assembly] of them arose, and led him [Jesus] unto Pilate.
Luk 23:2 And they [the assembly] began to accuse him [Jesus], saying, We found this fellow perverting [subverting] the nation, and forbidding to give tribute [paying taxes] to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.
Luk 23:3 And Pilate asked him [Jesus], saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he [Jesus] answered him and said, Thou sayest it [it is as you say].
Luk 23:4 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man [Jesus].
Luk 23:5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He [Jesus] stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry [Judea], beginning from Galilee to this place [Jerusalem].
Luk 23:6 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man [Jesus] were a Galilaean.
Luk 23:7 And as soon as he [Pilate] knew that he [Jesus] belonged unto [was under] Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.
~ Jesus before Herod
Luk 23:8 And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous [wanting] to see him [Jesus] of [for] a long season [time], because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him.
Luk 23:9 Then he [Herod] questioned with him [Jesus] in many words; but he [Jesus] answered him nothing.
Luk 23:10 And the chief priests and scribes [teachers of the law] stood and vehemently accused him [Jesus].
Luk 23:11 And Herod with his men of war [soldiers] set him [Jesus] at nought [ridiculed him], and mocked him, and arrayed [dressed] him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate.
Luk 23:12 And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.
~ Pilate Seeks Jesus' Release
Luk 23:13 And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people,
Luk 23:14 Said unto them, Ye have brought this man [Jesus] unto me, as one that perverteth [incited] the people [to rebellion]: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching [relating to] those things [charges] whereof ye accuse him:
Luk 23:15 No, nor yet [Neither has] Herod: for I sent you to him [Herod]; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto [has been done by] him [Jesus].
Luk 23:16 I will therefore chastise [punish] him [Jesus], and release him.
Luk 23:17 (For of necessity [as was the custom] he [Pilate] must release one [man] unto them at the [Passover] feast.)
Luk 23:18 And they [the people] cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man [Jesus], and release unto us Barabbas:
Luk 23:19 ( [Barabbas] Who for a certain sedition [insurrection] made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.)
Luk 23:20 Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them.
Luk 23:21 But they [the people] cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him.
Luk 23:22 And he [Pilate] said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he [Jesus] done? I have found no cause of death in him [I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty]: I will therefore chastise [punish] him, and [then] let him go.
Luk 23:23 And they [the people] were instant with loud voices, requiring that he [Jesus] might be crucified. And the voices of them [the people] and of the chief priests prevailed.
Luk 23:24 And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they [the people and the chief priests] required.
Luk 23:25 And he [Pilate] released unto them him [Barabbas] that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he [Pilate] delivered Jesus to their will [to be crucified].
~ Simon Bears the Cross
Luk 23:26 And as they led him [Jesus] away, they laid hold upon [seized] one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear [carry] it after [behind] Jesus.
~ Jesus Talks to the crowd
Luk 23:27 And there followed him [Jesus] a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented [for] him.
Luk 23:28 But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children.
Luk 23:29 For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps [breasts] which never gave suck [nursed].
Luk 23:30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. [quoting Hos 10:8 ]
Luk 23:31 For if they do these things in a green tree [when the tree is green], what shall be done in the [when it is] dry?
Luk 23:32 And there were also two other, malefactors [criminals], led [out] with him [Jesus] to be put to death.
~ The Crucifixion
Luk 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him [Jesus], and the malefactors [criminals], one on the right hand, and the other on the left.
Luk 23:34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they [the soldiers] parted his [Jesus'] raiment [clothes], and cast lots.
Luk 23:35 And the people stood beholding [watching Jesus]. And the rulers also with them derided [sneered at] him [Jesus], saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen [one] of God.
Luk 23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him [Jesus], coming to him, and offering him vinegar,
Luk 23:37 And saying, If thou [Jesus] be the king of the Jews, save thyself.
Luk 23:38 And a superscription [notice] also was written over him [Jesus] in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
~ One of the two Thieves being crucified, asks Jesus to remember him
Luk 23:39 And one of the malefactors [thieves] which were hanged [also on a cross] railed on him [Jesus], saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.
Luk 23:40 But the other [the 2nd thief] answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation [under the same sentence]?
Luk 23:41 And we [thieves] indeed [are punished] justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man [Jesus] hath done nothing amiss [wrong].
Luk 23:42 And he [the 2nd thief] said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.
Luk 23:43 And Jesus said unto him [the 2nd thief], Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
~ Jesus' Death
Luk 23:44 And it was about the sixth hour [of daylight, about noon], and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour [of daylight, about 3 pm].
Luk 23:45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil [curtain] of the temple was rent [torn] in the midst [down the middle, in two].
Luk 23:46 And when Jesus had cried [out] with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.
Luk 23:47 Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this [Jesus] was a righteous man.
Luk 23:48 And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding [seeing] the things which were done, smote [beat] their breasts, and returned [went away].
Luk 23:49 And all his [Jesus] acquaintance [those who knew him], and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off [at a distance], beholding [watching] these things.
~ Jesus Is Buried
Luk 23:50 And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor [member of the Council]; and he was a good man, and a just [man]:
Luk 23:51 (The same [Joseph] had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited [was waiting] for the kingdom of God.
Luk 23:52 This man [Joseph] went unto Pilate, and begged [for] the body of Jesus.
Luk 23:53 And he [Joseph] took it [Jesus' body] down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn [cut] in stone, wherein never [a] man before was laid.
Luk 23:54 And that day was the preparation [day], and the sabbath [day that follows] drew on.
[ Today, our 24-hour days begin at midnight, whereas Hebrew days in the Bible (designated by -Heb) began at the previous sundown (about 6 hours before midnight). Therefore, Friday-Heb night (a 12-hour night), and Friday-Heb day (a 24-hour day), both begin at sundown on Thursday (using today's time).]
[ The context of the verse above suggests that "that day" was both the crucifixion day, and the preparation day that precedes a sabbath day. John clearly explains in Joh 19:31 that "that day" (passover, and crucifixion day) was also the preparation day for a "high sabbath day" that was occurring the next day (i.e. not the preparation day for a regular Saturday sabbath day). Therefore, "that day", crucifixion day, is not Friday (with the next day being a regular Saturday sabbath). Instead, "that day", crucifixion day, is Thursday (with the next day (Friday) being a high sabbath day). Hence, "that day", crucifixion day, is Good Thursday, (not "Good Friday.") ]
[ The phrase "and the sabbath drew on" in the verse above vividly describes the time bind they were in. According to Joh 19:31, "the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day." However, the "high sabbath day" began at sundown Thursday. According to Mat 27:57-58 and Mar 15:42-45, it was already evening (already after sundown) (already into the "high sabbath day", which began at Thursday sundown), already evening before Joseph of Arimathaea went to Pilate, and begged [for] the body of Jesus. Then, according to Joh 19:38-42, Nicodemus came and brought about 75 pounds of myrrh and aloes so they could wrap the body of Jesus in linen clothes with these spices. Finally, they laid Jesus in Joseph's sepulchre because it was nigh at hand. It was likely late Thursday evening before all this was accomplished. ]
[similar to Mat 27:57-66, Mar 15:42-47, Joh 19:31-42 ] [for full details see Crucifixion & Resurrection QBA ]
Luk 23:55 And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld [saw] the sepulchre, and how his [Jesus'] body was laid.
Luk 23:56 And they [the women] returned [went home], and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the [Saturday] sabbath day according to the commandment.
[ The 3 days (all or part of 3 24-hour days) and 3 nights (all or part of 3 12-hour nights) that Jesus is "in the heart of the earth [sepulchre, tomb]" (see Mat 12:39-40) doesn't start counting until after sundown on Thursday (crucifixion day). Sometime during the evening (see Mat 27:57-58 and Mar 15:42-45) (after sundown) on Thursday (using today's time), the counting does begin with Friday-Heb night (part of a 12-hour night, that began at sundown Thursday, night#1), and Friday-Heb day (part of a 24-hour day, that began at sundown Thursday, day#1). ]
[ If we continue counting, we get Saturday-Heb
night (a 12-hour night, that began at sundown Friday, night#2),
and Saturday-Heb day (a 24-hour day, that began at sundown Friday, day#2),
followed by Sunday-Heb night (all or part of a 12-hour night, that began
at sundown Saturday, night#3, and night#3 counting ended either
with Jesus' resurrection sometime before sunrise, or at sunrise Sunday,
if Jesus' resurrection occurred on or after sunrise), and Sunday-Heb day
(part of a 24-hour day, that began at sundown Saturday, day#3, and
day#3 counting ended with Jesus' resurrection before or after sunrise,
Resurrection Sunday). ] [for full details see Crucifixion
& Resurrection QBA ]
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